Jigsaw Puzzling Taps Multiple Intellectual Abilities that will be a possible Defensive Basis to possess Cognitive Aging

Jigsaw Puzzling Taps Multiple Intellectual Abilities that will be a possible Defensive Basis to possess Cognitive Aging

The latest raw investigation giving support to the findings associated with manuscript was made available from the article authors, instead excessive booking, to the licensed specialist.


Prevention of neurocognitive disorders is currently one of the greatest unmet medical challenges. The cognitive effects of solving jigsaw puzzles (JPs) have not been studied so far, despite its frequent use as a leisure activity in all age cohorts worldwide. This study aimed at closing this gap between a lack of science and a frequent real-world use by investigating the cognitive abilities recruited by JP as well as the cognitive benefits of lifetime and 30-day JP experience. A total of 100 cognitively healthy adults (?50 years of age) were randomized to either a 30-day home-based JP intervention (?1 h/day) plus four sessions of cognitive health counseling (JP group) or four sessions of cognitive health counseling only (counseling group). We measured global visuospatial cognition by averaging the scores of eight z-standardized visuospatial cognitive abilities (perception, constructional praxis, mental rotation, speed, flexibility, working memory, reasoning, and episodic memory). JP skill was assessed with an untrained 40 piece JP and lifetime JP experience with retrospective self-report. JP skill was associated with all assessed cognitive abilities (rs ? 0.45, ps < 0.001), and global visuospatial cognition (r = 0.80 [95% CI: 0.72–0.86], p < 0.001). Lifetime JP experience was associated with global visuospatial cognition, even after accounting for other risk and protective factors (? = 0.34 [95% CI: 0.18–0.50], p < 0.001). The JP group connected on average 3589 pieces in 49 hpared to the counseling group, they improved in JP skill (Cohen's d = 0.38 [95% CI: 0.21–0.54], p < 0.001), but not in global visuospatial cognition (Cohen's d = -0.08, [CI: -0.27 to 0.10], p = 0.39). The amount of jigsaw puzzling was related to changes in global visuospatial cognition within the JP group, only after accounting for baseline performance (? = 0.33 [95% CI: 0.02–0.63], p = 0.03). In sum, our results indicate that jigsaw puzzling strongly engages multiple cognitive abilities and long-term, but not short-term JP experiences could relevantly benefit cognition.


Blocking cognitive decrease in aging such in light cognitive impairment and alzhiemer’s disease the most associated medical means in the the ageing society (Winblad et al., 2016). Wedding in the cognitively, physically, and socially demanding issues try in the a reduced danger of cognitive refuse and you will dementia inside the observational degree (Valenzuela and you may Sachdev, 2006a,b; Wang mais aussi al., 2013). Of numerous a huge selection of randomized controlled input samples was basically used so you’re able to browse the the fresh new causality ones observational findings. This research focused mostly on intellectual training programs (Karbach and you may Verhaeghen, 2014; Lampit mais aussi al., 2014), games (Bediou et al., 2018), and you can physical exercise such as aerobic exercise and strength training (Kelly et is skout free al., 2014; More youthful et al., 2015).

Yet not, this new cognitive great things about a great many other frequently performed leisure facts have maybe not been investigated yet. One example is actually jigsaw puzzling: by yourself inside Germany, approximately nearly seven million JPs were sold in 2016, resulting in a market regarding ˆ75 mil (Npdgroup Deutschland GmbH, 2016). The brand new jigsaw secret (JP) sector in the European countries while the All of us was a student in complete far more than just ˆeight hundred million during the 2016 (The new Npd Group, Inc, 2016; The fresh Npd Category Inc, 2017) step one , almost double the while the in the world intellectual degree ).

Jigsaw puzzling may possibly provide a few ingredients (i.age., productive has) that work for knowledge: earliest, process-certain cognitive need out-of jigsaw puzzling you can expect to sign up for a heightened head put aside (Gelfo ainsi que al., 2018), and you may next, control out-of distressing thoughts due to jigsaw puzzling you will definitely prevent persistent stress says that can use a bad impact on intellectual ageing and you may alzhiemer’s disease in the long term (Lupien mais aussi al., 2009; Wilson et al., 2011).